Florida Forts Prior to 1700


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APALSACHE
Wakula County, near Bern. Established 1689,
(Arredondo’s Map)

AYS (YS,AIS)
Blockhouse. 1 mile east of Oslo, Indian River County.
Established Ante 1660 c. one mile east of Oslo.
(Arredondo’s Map)

AYAVALIA
Taylor County, 5 miles north west of Hampton Springs.
Established Ante 1700. (Handbook of American Indians.
Bureau of Ethnology, 11, 122) Kenny, Michael, S.J. ap.
Spanish Record, Arredondo)

BABRANCAS
(Ft. San Carlos de Barrancas, or Ft. St. Charles)
At Barrancas, Escambia County. Est. 1696.
(Williams, “West Florida”)

BATTON ISLAND
Duval County, opposite Mayport.
(Vide Fort San Juan) Established ante 1700.

CALOS
(Blockhouse and presidio) at San Antonio Mission
Charlotte County. Established 1567, (Rericks, Rowland
H., in “Memoirs of Florida,” Map)

CAROLINE
Duval County, at foot of St. John’s Bluff; established
1564. (Later named San Matso and St. Matthias)
(Fairbanks 1858)

CARTEL (Quartel)
St. John’s County, 1 mile north of St. Anastasia Island.
Established 1575. (Bowen’s map in Arredondo’s
“Spain’s Title to Georgia”)

CANAVERAL
French Fort at, Brevard County. Established October 1565.
(Fairbanks, “Antiquities of Old St. Augustine,” p. 85-7.)

CARLOS
(Blockhouse and presidio) Dade County, on Bahama channel.
(Connor’s “Pedro Menendez,” Maps)

CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS
St. Johns County, located in St. Augustine,
built by the Spanish 1672-1695 (National Park).

EL ROSARIO
St. John’s County, in St. Augustine, West end of R.G. Park.
(Ranson Robert)

ELENA (St. Elena)
On Talbot Island, Duval County. (Arredondo)

EL PRINCIPE D’ASTURIAS
Rosa County, Sta. Rosa Island. On the present site of Ft.
Pickens. (Also called Ft. Prince and Ft. Siguenza.)
(Williams, J.L. “West Florida,” 1828)

PICOLATA
Clay County on St. Johns River opposite Ft. Popa.
(Roberts Jeffery’s Map 1763)

Ft. Picalata

POOPA
(Pupo, St. Francis de puppa, San Francisco de Pupa)
Clay County on St. Johns River opposite Picolata.
(Roberts Jeffery’s Map 1763)

POSA
St. Johns County or, Anastasia Island
(Dewhurst’s “St. Augustine,” p 93-4)

PRINCE
(El Principe D’Asturias) Ft. Siguenza, now Ft. Pickens
(Williams Map 1828)

ROSA
(Santa Rosa) West end of Santa Rosa Island (Heitman)

ST. ANN
Brevard County, in Center of township 19 S range 35 E.
(Kimber, Edward; “A Late Expedition to the Gates of St.
Augustine.” 1744. London) (Roberts, Jeffery’s Map 1763)

ST . BERNARD
Escambia County, in Pensacola. (Williams, “West Florida.”)

ST. FRANCIS DE POPPA
Clay County opposite Picolata. (Kimber)

ST. LUCIE
(Lucy, Santa Lucia, Sta, Lucia de Canaveral)
Brevard County, at Cape Canaveral, (Robert’s Jeffery’s
Map 1763) Established 1566. (Arredondo’s p. 133)

ST. MARY DE APALACHE
At mouth of Ocklokonee River. (Heitman)

ST. MATHIAS
(San Mateo, Caroline, Charlesfort) Duval County
(Kimber, Edward “A Late Expedition,” 1744, p. 12.)

ST. MICHAEL
(San Miguel, St. George) Escambia County at Pensacola (Campbell)

SAN ANTON
Located on Dry Tortugas about 1569.
(E. G. Fruewald, letter to Mr. Chaffer dated Feb. 1, 1936.)

SAN ANTONIO
(Calos, Carlos) Lee County on S E Bank of Charlotte Harbour.
Est. 1567. (Kenny, Col. Laurence Martin’s Map)

SAN ANTONIO DE ANACAPE
Volusia County, at Volusia. (Martin’s Map)

SAN AUGUSTINE EL VIEJO
St. Johns County. On the north end of Anastasia Island.
(FSHB IV No 2 Jeannette Thurber Connor) Est. 1565
(FHS Bulletin Iv-3)

SAN BERNARDO
(St. Bernard) Escambia County.
In Pensacola on the Blakely Road.
(Abbie M Brooks, “Petals Plucked in Sunny Climes,” p. 540.)

SAN CARLOS
Nassau County at old Fernandina facing the harbour.
(FSHB VII No. i.)

SAN CARLOS DE BARRANCAS
Escambia County at Barrancas. (FSHB XI, 1)

SAN DIEGO DE SPINOZA
(Diego, San Diego) St. Johns County.
20 miles north of St. Augustine.
(Kimber, “A Late Expedition &o p 22) near Palm Valley (Williams)

SAN DIEGO DE PUPO
At Picolata. (Arredondo’s Map, “Spain's Title to Ga.”)

SAN FRANCISCO DE PUPO
Ft. Poppa. Ft. St. Francis de Poppa) Clay County
opposite Picolata. (Arredondo’s Map. “Spain’ a Title to Ga.”)

SAN JUAN
(San Mateo, Caroline, St. Matthias) Duval County,
on south bank of St. Johns River, 9 miles
from Port George. (Roberts Jeffery’s Map)

SAN JUAN DEL PUERTO
Duval County. on Batton Island. (Kimber)

SAN JUAN DE PINOS
St. Johns County. North shore of the inlet north
of Anastasia Island. (FSHB, Iv No.3) (Kenny p. 25, note)

SAN JUAN
Little Talbor Island, Duval County,
northwest of Mayport. (Jonathan Dickinson)

SAN MARCOS DE APALACHE
(Leon County in Tallahassee. (FSHB, VI, 2)

SAN MATBO
(Ft. Caroline, Ft. St. Mattias, Ft. San Juan) Duval County,
at the foot of the left bank of the St. Johns River about 6 miles
from its mouth. (Roberts) Established 1565 (Arredondo)

SAN MIGUEL
(St. Michael, St. George) Escambia County
(U.S. Coast Survey Chart, 1858)

SAN PEDRO
(1) Madison County, due south of Madison on the
Military road. (Green, Edwin; “History of Florida,” Map)

SAN PEDRO
(2) On the St. Johns River. Built against the
French about 1569. (Kenny “Romance of Fla.,” p. 240)

SAN CRUZ
Alachua County, near La Crosse (Arredondo’s) Also Kenny, p. 221)

SANTA FE TOLOSA
Bradford County, near brooker, on the north bank
of the Santa Fe River. (Arredondo's Map)

SANTA LUCIA DE CANAVERAL
(St. Lucie, St. Lucy) Brevard County near Cape Canaveral.
(Arredondo’s Map)

SANTA MARIA DE GALVEZ
Opposite the west end of Santa Rosa Island.
(Roberts, Jeffry’s Map 1763)

SANTA MARIA
Nassau County, north central part of Amelia
Island. Spanish military headquarters on
Amelia Island. up to 1686. (Kenny, p. 143, note)

SANTA ROSA
West end of Santa Rosa Island. (Roberts 1763)

SIGUENZA
(Ft. Prince) Santa Rosa Island.
Lat. 30º 15’ Long. 87º 15’ (Heitman)

SOMBRERO
Santa Rosa Island, near west end. Established 1696.
(Williams’, West Florida 1828)

SPANISH FORT
Nassau County, South bank of the St. Mary’s
River. (Roberts 1763)

TEGESTA
Monroe County, at Cape Sable. (Arredondo’s Map)

TOCOBAGO
Hillsborough County at north end of Tampa Bay
(Arredondo's Map) Est. 1586


Florida Forts from 1700 to 1800


18th Century Chart


Arunado
(Aruinado) (Ayuntade)
East end Sta. Rosa Island; established 1719,
Lat. 30º 19’ Long. 87º 16’

Ayavalla
5 N. W. Hampton Springs, Taylor County,
on Lower Aucilla road, established 1704, 25 miles
due east of St. Marks (Roberts).

Anchusa
Lat. 30º 19’ Long. 87º 14’
At pass to Pensa Bay (Heitman)

Aspalaga
(Later, Ft. Barbour?)

Attapulgus
On the Okiokonee R. (Roberts, 1763)

Browns’s Fort
On St. John’s River (ASPPL, IV., p. 289)

Barrington
Near King’s Ferry on St. Mary’s R. (Renick, p. 88)

Creve Coeur
Gulf Co. just east of St. Joe Light,
established (1717?) Lat. 28º 20’, Long. 82º 45'

Carlos
Nassau County, on north central water front of
Old Fernandina (Jeffery’s Map in Roberts’ “Florida,” 1763)

Diego
(San Diego de Spinoza) 1739 or earlier, against Oglethorpe at
Palm Valley in St. John’s County, c. 20 miles N. St. Augustine.

Horse Guards
Duval County, on beach east of E. Mayport. “A Late Expedition
to Gates of St. Augustine 1744” p. 20, by Edw. Kimber.

Matanzas
St. Johns County, located 14 miles south of St. Augustine,
built by the Spanish in 1740-42 (National Park).

Mose
St. Johns County, located 2 miles north of St. Augustine,
built by the Spanish in 1738, destroyed by Oglethorpe in 1740,
and rebuilt in 1756. First free Black settlement in North America.

Ft. Mose

Camp Pinckney
Nassau County, on Little Front Creek. Between
Orange Bluff and Calico Hill (Norton’s Handbook
of Florida, P.132, by Chas. Ledwith Norton.)

St. John
(San Marco, Marion) “Loyalists in B. Florida,” Siebert.

Tonyn
Nassau County, on site of present Ft. Clinch at Fernandina
(Wallace’s Map, 1775, in Parr’s “East Florida Loyalists.”)

Wright’s Fort
Nassau County, on St. Mary’s River.
(Siebert, Loyalists in E. Florida)


Source: Historical Records Survey. Florida Works Progress Administration, 1936.



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