Florida Forts Prior to 1700
Wakula County, near Bern. Established 1689,
Blockhouse. 1 mile east of Oslo, Indian River County.
Established Ante 1660 c. one mile east of Oslo.
Taylor County, 5 miles north west of Hampton Springs.
Established Ante 1700. (Handbook of American Indians.
Bureau of Ethnology, 11, 122) Kenny, Michael, S.J. ap.
Spanish Record, Arredondo)
(Ft. San Carlos de Barrancas, or Ft. St. Charles)
At Barrancas, Escambia County. Est. 1696.
(Williams, “West Florida”)
Duval County, opposite Mayport.
(Vide Fort San Juan) Established ante 1700.
(Blockhouse and presidio) at San Antonio Mission
Charlotte County. Established 1567, (Rericks, Rowland
H., in “Memoirs of Florida,” Map)
Duval County, at foot of St. John’s Bluff; established
1564. (Later named San Matso and St. Matthias)
St. John’s County, 1 mile north of St. Anastasia Island.
Established 1575. (Bowen’s map in Arredondo’s
“Spain’s Title to Georgia”)
French Fort at, Brevard County. Established October 1565.
(Fairbanks, “Antiquities of Old St. Augustine,” p. 85-7.)
(Blockhouse and presidio) Dade County, on Bahama channel.
(Connor’s “Pedro Menendez,” Maps)
CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS
St. Johns County, located in St. Augustine,
built by the Spanish 1672-1695 (National Park).
St. John’s County, in St. Augustine, West end of R.G. Park.
ELENA (St. Elena)
On Talbot Island, Duval County. (Arredondo)
EL PRINCIPE D’ASTURIAS
Rosa County, Sta. Rosa Island. On the present site of Ft.
Pickens. (Also called Ft. Prince and Ft. Siguenza.)
(Williams, J.L. “West Florida,” 1828)
Clay County on St. Johns River opposite Ft. Popa.
(Roberts Jeffery’s Map 1763)
(Pupo, St. Francis de puppa, San Francisco de Pupa)
Clay County on St. Johns River opposite Picolata.
(Roberts Jeffery’s Map 1763)
St. Johns County or, Anastasia Island
(Dewhurst’s “St. Augustine,” p 93-4)
(El Principe D’Asturias) Ft. Siguenza, now Ft. Pickens
(Williams Map 1828)
(Santa Rosa) West end of Santa Rosa Island (Heitman)
Brevard County, in Center of township 19 S range 35 E.
(Kimber, Edward; “A Late Expedition to the Gates of St.
Augustine.” 1744. London) (Roberts, Jeffery’s Map 1763)
ST . BERNARD
Escambia County, in Pensacola. (Williams, “West Florida.”)
ST. FRANCIS DE POPPA
Clay County opposite Picolata. (Kimber)
(Lucy, Santa Lucia, Sta, Lucia de Canaveral)
Brevard County, at Cape Canaveral, (Robert’s Jeffery’s
Map 1763) Established 1566. (Arredondo’s p. 133)
ST. MARY DE APALACHE
At mouth of Ocklokonee River. (Heitman)
(San Mateo, Caroline, Charlesfort) Duval County
(Kimber, Edward “A Late Expedition,” 1744, p. 12.)
(San Miguel, St. George) Escambia County at Pensacola (Campbell)
Located on Dry Tortugas about 1569.
(E. G. Fruewald, letter to Mr. Chaffer dated Feb. 1, 1936.)
(Calos, Carlos) Lee County on S E Bank of Charlotte Harbour.
Est. 1567. (Kenny, Col. Laurence Martin’s Map)
SAN ANTONIO DE ANACAPE
Volusia County, at Volusia. (Martin’s Map)
SAN AUGUSTINE EL VIEJO
St. Johns County. On the north end of Anastasia Island.
(FSHB IV No 2 Jeannette Thurber Connor) Est. 1565
(FHS Bulletin Iv-3)
(St. Bernard) Escambia County.
In Pensacola on the Blakely Road.
(Abbie M Brooks, “Petals Plucked in Sunny Climes,” p. 540.)
Nassau County at old Fernandina facing the harbour.
(FSHB VII No. i.)
SAN CARLOS DE BARRANCAS
Escambia County at Barrancas. (FSHB XI, 1)
SAN DIEGO DE SPINOZA
(Diego, San Diego) St. Johns County.
20 miles north of St. Augustine.
(Kimber, “A Late Expedition &o p 22) near Palm Valley (Williams)
SAN DIEGO DE PUPO
At Picolata. (Arredondo’s Map, “Spain's Title to Ga.”)
SAN FRANCISCO DE PUPO
Ft. Poppa. Ft. St. Francis de Poppa) Clay County
opposite Picolata. (Arredondo’s Map. “Spain’ a Title to Ga.”)
(San Mateo, Caroline, St. Matthias) Duval County,
on south bank of St. Johns River, 9 miles
from Port George. (Roberts Jeffery’s Map)
SAN JUAN DEL PUERTO
Duval County. on Batton Island. (Kimber)
SAN JUAN DE PINOS
St. Johns County. North shore of the inlet north
of Anastasia Island. (FSHB, Iv No.3) (Kenny p. 25, note)
Little Talbor Island, Duval County,
northwest of Mayport. (Jonathan Dickinson)
SAN MARCOS DE APALACHE
(Leon County in Tallahassee. (FSHB, VI, 2)
(Ft. Caroline, Ft. St. Mattias, Ft. San Juan) Duval County,
at the foot of the left bank of the St. Johns River about 6 miles
from its mouth. (Roberts) Established 1565 (Arredondo)
(St. Michael, St. George) Escambia County
(U.S. Coast Survey Chart, 1858)
(1) Madison County, due south of Madison on the
Military road. (Green, Edwin; “History of Florida,” Map)
(2) On the St. Johns River. Built against the
French about 1569. (Kenny “Romance of Fla.,” p. 240)
Alachua County, near La Crosse (Arredondo’s) Also Kenny, p. 221)
SANTA FE TOLOSA
Bradford County, near brooker, on the north bank
of the Santa Fe River. (Arredondo's Map)
SANTA LUCIA DE CANAVERAL
(St. Lucie, St. Lucy) Brevard County near Cape Canaveral.
SANTA MARIA DE GALVEZ
Opposite the west end of Santa Rosa Island.
(Roberts, Jeffry’s Map 1763)
Nassau County, north central part of Amelia
Island. Spanish military headquarters on
Amelia Island. up to 1686. (Kenny, p. 143, note)
West end of Santa Rosa Island. (Roberts 1763)
(Ft. Prince) Santa Rosa Island.
Lat. 30º 15’ Long. 87º 15’ (Heitman)
Santa Rosa Island, near west end. Established 1696.
(Williams’, West Florida 1828)
Nassau County, South bank of the St. Mary’s
River. (Roberts 1763)
Monroe County, at Cape Sable. (Arredondo’s Map)
Hillsborough County at north end of Tampa Bay
(Arredondo's Map) Est. 1586
Florida Forts from 1700 to 1800
East end Sta. Rosa Island; established 1719,
Lat. 30º 19’ Long. 87º 16’
5 N. W. Hampton Springs, Taylor County,
on Lower Aucilla road, established 1704, 25 miles
due east of St. Marks (Roberts).
Lat. 30º 19’ Long. 87º 14’
At pass to Pensa Bay (Heitman)
(Later, Ft. Barbour?)
On the Okiokonee R. (Roberts, 1763)
On St. John’s River (ASPPL, IV., p. 289)
Near King’s Ferry on St. Mary’s R. (Renick, p. 88)
Gulf Co. just east of St. Joe Light,
established (1717?) Lat. 28º 20’, Long. 82º 45'
Nassau County, on north central water front of
Old Fernandina (Jeffery’s Map in Roberts’ “Florida,” 1763)
(San Diego de Spinoza) 1739 or earlier, against Oglethorpe at
Palm Valley in St. John’s County, c. 20 miles N. St. Augustine.
Duval County, on beach east of E. Mayport. “A Late Expedition
to Gates of St. Augustine 1744” p. 20, by Edw. Kimber.
St. Johns County, located 14 miles south of St. Augustine,
built by the Spanish in 1740-42 (National Park).
St. Johns County, located 2 miles north of St. Augustine,
built by the Spanish in 1738, destroyed by Oglethorpe in 1740,
and rebuilt in 1756. First free Black settlement in North America.
Nassau County, on Little Front Creek. Between
Orange Bluff and Calico Hill (Norton’s Handbook
of Florida, P.132, by Chas. Ledwith Norton.)
(San Marco, Marion) “Loyalists in B. Florida,” Siebert.
Nassau County, on site of present Ft. Clinch at Fernandina
(Wallace’s Map, 1775, in Parr’s “East Florida Loyalists.”)
Nassau County, on St. Mary’s River.
(Siebert, Loyalists in E. Florida)
Source: Historical Records Survey. Florida Works Progress Administration, 1936.